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Rule of Law in Sub-Saharan Africa: Latest Ranking Reveals Best and Worst Performers

October 29, 2023










  • Leading the way in Sub-Saharan Africa’s rule of law ranking are Rwanda, Namibia, and Mauritius.
  • Conversely, Mauritania, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo find themselves at the lower end of the spectrum in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa exhibits substantial disparities in the rule of law, with certain nations making noteworthy advancements while others face persistent challenges.

The World Justice Project defines the rule of law as a durable system of laws, institutions, norms, and community commitment that deliver: Accountability, Open Government, Just Law, and Accessible and Impartial Justice.

While the rule of law has continued to weaken in a majority of countries, in Sub-Saharan Africa, the rule of law varies widely from country to country. Some countries have made significant progress in promoting the rule of law, while others continue to struggle.

In the latest Rule of Law IndexRwanda emerged as the top performer in Sub-Saharan Africa, followed by Namibia and Mauritius. At the other end of the spectrum, Mauritania, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo secured the lowest scores in the region.

The World Justice Project (WJP) ranked countries based on eight key factors: constraints on government powers, absence of corruption, open government, fundamental rights, order and security, regulatory enforcement, civil justice, and criminal justice.

The report also noted that the index is a composite measure, with significant variation within countries on each of the eight factors. For example, while Rwanda ranks first overall, it ranks 62nd for fundamental rights.

Here is a list of the top 10 and bottom 10 Sub-Saharan African countries on the 2023 WJP Rule of Law Index:

























Culled from Business Insider Africa

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